International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. Education There are two reasons to expect that average levels of education in a place and the segregation of same-sex households are negatively correlated. In particular, according to Florida's amenities argument home values are inter-related with average education, so controlling for home values should provide more precise estimates for education. Florida and Mellander made this type of argument when they suggested that gay residents affect housing values on the supply side by creating a premium for the cultural amenities they produce and the desirable esthetics of their neighborhoods. Two other variables drawn from racial segregation research were found to operate in a similar manner for same-sex partners: The index for San Francisco, with its 7, male—male partner households, counts much more than the index for Chesapeake, with its 50 male—male partner households. The Urban Institute Press;
What have Gates and Sanders learned?
Declining Segregation of Same-Sex Partners: Evidence from Census 2000 and 2010
University of California Press; A greater prevalence of knowledge workers in a place may indicate that there are plentiful opportunities to live in high-amenity neighborhoods, promoting lower segregation. For centuries, being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender in America meant hiding at least part of who you were. These findings suggest that sexual orientation should be considered alongside economic status, race, and ethnicity as an important factor that contributes to neighborhood differentiation and urban spatial inequality. Journal of Rural Studies. Regionally, the South and West experienced the bulk of the nation's population increase, 14, and 10,, respectively. There is mixed evidence that the presence of an existing gay population influences the location decisions of same-sex partners.